- Kunto Ariawan
Choose the honest one, is the tagline of the Directorate of State Officials' Wealth Report Registration and Audit (PP LHKPN). In choosing leaders, the KPK urges the public to choose candidates who are honest, honest in behavior, honest with family and society, and honest in reporting assets. A candidate for state administration who will participate in the general election must report his assets. The KPK will verify whether or not supporting documents are available, whether or not the forms used are correct, and whether the contents are correct or not. When all of this is correct, the wealth report is announced. So for candidates who will now take part in the post-conflict local election, the report cannot be accessed via the website (http://acch.kpk.go.id). But if people want to directly access it, they can go to the local KPU or KPUD.
The party announcing this report is the state official. In Law 28/1999, State Administrators are obliged to report assets and announce them. Whereas in the post-conflict local election law, asset reporting is one of the requirements before they run as candidates. In fact, the function of society is very much needed. We hope that the announcement of this wealth is used as a tool to assess the feasibility of a candidate to lead a region, this is where the function of preventing corruption lies. There is a role for the public not to vote for candidates who do not honestly report their assets. The role of journalists is also very important to monitor the honesty of candidates.
Not all increases in assets are due to additional assets, and if there is an increase in assets, then it must also be suggested.
Asset Data contains preliminary data on wealth, so it is necessary to know the background of a candidate for state official, especially regarding his business before nominating him, perhaps if he is a rich businessman then his assets are already so large, or the assets obtained from inheritance. This is where it is important to check the origins of wealth.
There is a difference between an inheritance, a grant, and a gift. Inheritance is the property obtained after the giver dies, while the grant from the giver has not died and does not have certain conditions. Prizes are gifts that have certain conditions, such as prizes for winning a lottery or competition.
Changes in the LHKPN also need to be monitored, for example a new addition means that it was not in the previous report, other information such as changes, means that there is a correction or an increase in asset value.
A person can be said to own if he can control and enjoy these assets (control & benefit), because usually there is an attempt to disguise property by using a gatekeeper, such as a notary, lawyer, or registering assets in someone else's name. So sometimes the formal evidence does not match who owns the assets.
The way to obtain this information is that the KPK can get information directly from the relevant agencies, while for other people (for example journalists) can obtain this ownership information from the environment where they live, the work environment, and information from those closest to them, or people who are politically involved. opposite, but still must be accompanied by accuracy.
History and Benefits of LHKPN
According to the World Bank, the LHKPN aims at two major schools, the first is to detect conflict of interest which can be used in developed countries, the second to detect illicit enrichment which can be a goal in developing countries such as Indonesia. Until 2006, there were 147 countries that had implemented wealth reports with different forms and purposes.
In Indonesia itself, asset reporting has existed since the Old Order, at that time it was the Indonesian Army that was obliged to report, while it was the Property Inspector Coordinating Board that carried out the investigation. At that time the sanctions were quite severe, namely being confiscated and confiscated. If the assets jumped sharply and the origin could not be proven, then confiscation would be carried out but if it originated from a criminal act it would be confiscated. In 2009, the PPATK had initiated the seizure of assets but stuck with the DPR.
In the New Order, those who were required to report assets were expanded to become ministers, directors of BUMN, PNS and TNI officials with IVC class or equivalent, managed by a special presidential team, at that time assets were not examined but the process was limited to data collection. Then in 1971 the scope of officials who were required to report was further expanded to class IIIA, which was specifically managed by their respective inspectorates.
During the reformation period, the one who managed was the KPKPN (State Officials Wealth Checking Commission), as soon as the KPK appeared the KPKPN was merged into the PPLHKPN directorate under the deputy for prevention. Parties that are obliged to report assets according to Law 28 of 1999 are Governors, Ministers, State Officials at State High Institutions, Judges, other State Officials in accordance with regulations and laws, other strategic officials.
The benefit of this reporting itself is to help state administrators in terms of the transparency of their assets, assuming that when a state official reports their assets they will be prevented from committing a criminal act, as well as to make it easier for those who use LHK such as the public, superiors of reporting, law enforcers, and so on.
LHKPN can also be used as a human resource management instrument, usually used when a new reporter first reports because he is still a candidate for State official, so that this report can be used by agencies to select prospective officials. This LHKPN assessment is based on three things, namely Compliance reporting assets - two years once or every change in position, report completeness, and fairness of total assets.