The combined mass of students and activists at the Jakarta People's Representative Council (DPR) Building was beaten back by the police because they were considered to be rioting on Tuesday, September 24, 2019. The handling of the demonstration using clubs, water cannons and tear gas resulted in hundreds of students being injured, so they were rushed to the handling room. medical emergency. Some of them were arrested. In Kendari, a student was killed at the demonstration site. Another person died after being treated in hospital.
Calls for a demonstration in front of the DPR / MPR Council Building on September 24, 2019 spread among students since six days ago. Similar messages are not only rolling in the capital. Students in various universities in big cities also shout the same voice. They rejected the ratification of the controversial articles in the KPK Law, asked the DPR to revoke the draft Criminal Code (KUHP), the Land Bill, the Manpower Bill, the Water Resources Bill, and pushed for the issuance of the Bill on the Elimination of Sexual Violence.
Farhan, a student of Pelita Bangsa University (UPB) Bekasi, West Java, was one of the people who received the message. Wearing a blue alma mater jacket, he and his friends left campus which is located on Jl. Kalimalang inspection towards Senayan Jakarta using a commuterline train (KRL). They organize themselves to be free from provocateurs who infiltrate on the way.
"The UPB group crammed two train cars," said Farhan to Jaring.id, Tuesday (24/9).
Arriving at Palmerah Station, this student, who was demonstrating for the first time, did not think that many other students had filled the platform. They gathered, while preparing various attributes of the demonstration, such as flags, headbands and satirical posters that insult the performance of the people's representatives' breeches.
"I am proud, we dare to take to the streets. Fighting for the people is not in the interests of the elite. We know that we have to fight. We have to take to the streets, ”said Farhan when met on the sidelines of the action, Tuesday, September 24, 2019.
Starting at 1:00 p.m., Farhan shared space and was tired with the masses of action in front of the high fence of the House of Representatives Building. The number of demonstrators at that time, according to him, reached more than tens of thousands of people.
According to Jaring.id, the crowd filled the road around Manggala Wanabakti to the Slipi flyover. With a density of 1 person per 1 square meter, online mapchecking tools estimate that 20,000 people live in the area. They submitted a motion of no confidence and demanded that the DPR leadership cancel the ratification of the controversial law.
"This bill does not make sense," he stressed.
Three hours later, at around 4:15 p.m. WIB, the security forces, who at first appeared to be patient in facing the student action, suddenly responded to the attempt of jumping the fence by a handful of students by launching water cannons (water canon) and tear gas towards the action mass. The series of gunfire caused thousands of students to disorganize, some others resisted by shouting and throwing rows of armed and battered policemen with all they could reach.
In the midst of the chaos, Farhan could not help but back off with other demonstrators. Her eyes hurt quickly. While squinting, he found that other students could not resist exposure to poisonous gas. Not a few of them fell unconscious, vomited and had difficulty breathing. Some of them even experienced violence, even though they asked for help not to be beaten.
"The police are chasing them, entering them into TVRI," said Farhan while taking a deep breath.
After the chaos, the police arrested 94 protesters in Jakarta. Referring to data on complaints collected by the People's Alliance for Justice and Democracy (AMUK), dozens of students arrested by the police came from the University of Indonesia (UI), Padjadjaran University (Unpad), Indonesian Christian University (UKI), Bandung Institute of Law (STHB), State Islamic University (UIN) Jakarta, Yarsi University and the Jakarta Arts Institute (IKJ).
In addition, there were hundreds of other people who were rushed to the hospital because they experienced shortness of breath, injuries and fatigue. A student at Al-Azhar University Jakarta even had to receive intensive care after being found in a critical condition with a head wound. Meanwhile, outside the capital city, student of the Faculty of Fisheries, Halu Oleo University, Kendari, Southeast Sulawesi named Randi died while demonstrating at the Southeast Sulawesi DPRD. Randi was allegedly shot in the right chest.
This gruesome scene has triggered the memory of Usman Hamid, Executive Director of Amnesty International Indonesia, of the police's poor handling of protesters on 21-22 May. According to him, even if the protesters committed vandalism and damaged public facilities, the police should respect the protesters' rights by acting proportionally in accordance with the law.
"This is the same as using excessive force, including hitting and kicking a suspect who has been arrested," said Usman.
Meanwhile, Amnesty International's Campaign Manager, Puri Kencana Putri, who was at the time in front of the DPR, revealed that the police riot squad did not take action to handle the masses properly. Puri witnessed firsthand how the police officers acted repressively without control.
"Although it is difficult to identify the rank and who is the perpetrator, we saw for ourselves how the tear gas was directed parallel to the masses. This is dangerous because it should be directed higher, "said Puri.
In this regard, according to Puri, the police do not comply with the Chief of Police Regulation Number 8 of 2009 concerning the Implementation of Human Rights Principles and Standards in Administering Duties of the Indonesian Police, as well as the Chief of Police Regulation Number 16 of 2006 concerning Mass Control. This regulation requires the police to prioritize persuasive efforts when dealing with protesters. That's because Puri questioned the standard of Central Jakarta Police Chief, Hary Kurniawan, when he allowed his troops to commit violence against students.
"The escalation is getting worse. The Head of the Central Jakarta Police decided to take this red (repressive) step. We will ask what the measure is? " said Puri.
After the police beat back thousands of students, a member of the People's Alliance for Justice and Democracy (Amuk), Irine Wardhani found evidence of expired tear gas use. He is worried that the use of tear gas produced by PT Pindad will adversely affect the health and safety of the demonstrators.
Head of the Public Information Bureau of the Police Headquarters, Inspector General Dedi Prasetyo, did not deny the use of expired tear gas when repelling the protesters three days ago. However, he made sure that the sleeve was not dangerous. According to him, expiration actually makes tear gas not functioning optimally.
"It sticks like a cracker into water," wrote Dedi Prasetyo when confirmed by Jaring.id via WhatsApp on Wednesday, September 25 2019.
Regarding police officers who committed violence, Dedi said he would process it equally.
"Everything will be processed in equality, both members who are proven (to commit violence) and rioters who committed anarchist acts. Because the riots have harmed this nation, "he added. (Abdus Somad & Damar Fery Ardiyan)