Jakarta, Jaring.id - Executive Director of the Nusantara Media Development Association (PPMN), Eni Mulia, encourages women journalists to contribute more in the newsroom. Collective awareness of the importance of the role of female journalists, according to her, can be a big leap in realizing diversity, both in terms of content and position. So far, the patriarchal culture has prevented women journalists from filling strategic positions in the media.
“This construction is not only because women have different characters but also cultural, social and political factors. So that the struggle for arguments and ideas becomes a common challenge. The challenge is, how are we able to show that we are competent and capable? " said Eni when opening a watching activity together and a discussion entitled "Encouraging the Position of Women in the Media" in the Multimedia room of the K3 Building at Atma Jaya Catholic University, Jakarta, Wednesday, March 11, 2020.
According to researcher and teacher of communication science, Atmajaya Catholic University, Jakarta, Andina Dwifatma, the problems faced by female journalists are very complex. They not only face stereotypes, masculine culture, and discriminatory actions in the media, but also must be able to face themselves. He said, sometimes women journalists are not willing or confident to occupy strategic positions in the mass media.
"The results of our research show that mentality becomes an obstacle to the role of women journalists in the media," said Andina.
This condition, he continued, became more stable when men at the helm of the media reproduce stereotypes against women.
"Men at the top of the position will tend to choose men too, so that women will not be able to rise. So there will be fewer women becoming leaders, "said Andina referring to published research everything PR.
In the same forum, the Chief Editor of the KOMPAS Daily, Ninuk Mardiana Pambudy, considered that the wrong way of seeing women and the media towards women resulted in the position of women being increasingly depressed. According to him, the role of women has always been identified within the boundaries of the private space instead of the public and this cannot be separated from the intervention of the New Order regime for decades. At that time, said Ninuk, the Soeharto government limited women's work so that discourse in the public sector, including media coverage, was more masculine.
"Women do experience a double burden. The Marriage Law still says so. That is legal, even though the fact is not so, "said Ninuk when met by Jaring.id during the discussion.
Long before taking the helm of KOMPAS at the end of 2019, Ninuk revealed that he had also been at the crossroads between choosing a family or a career. According to him, journalists' irregular working hours are the main problem.
The author of a short story collection entitled Cinta di Atas Perahu Cadik, admitted that he had conveyed his intention to withdraw from KOMPAS twice. Another time, Ninuk never offered to be promoted as editor. At that time, he preferred to remain on the field as a journalist in order to have more time with his family. However, KOMPAS officials, including Jakob Oetama prevented his intention to resign from the newspaper that was founded in 1963.
"Finally I was offered KOMPAS Sunday, published only Friday and Saturday. That is what kept me going and finally after that, I was offered the position of managing editor. In the redpel position, they must go home at 12 in the evening, at the earliest. In 2018 I was offered the chief executive officer, ”he recalled, greeted by laughter from the discussion participants.
Ninuk admits that he is lucky to have a leader who does not differentiate between men and women. He said, KOMPAS always adheres to affirmative action, both in the selection of sources and in editorial meetings.
"We encourage her (woman-ed) to think critically, we are egalitarian. Everyone can contribute, "said Ninuk.
Besides that, Ninuk added, both male and female journalists must have equal competence.
"The standard cannot be compromised. "Competence is measured from performance, work ethic, ability, integrity to analytical thinking," he said.
Meanwhile, the anchor of Desi Anwar, who is now serving as Board of News Director CNN Indonesia TV stated that it is not easy to change masculine culture in the media. In addition to increasing the number of female workers, according to him, male journalists must also gain knowledge about gender mainstreaming.
“Men must learn from women. Because men tend to have egos, so they prioritize competition and conflict rather than collaboration, ”said Desi.
According to him, gender-sensitive men and media will influence the dynamics in the newsroom. Starting from the diversity of thoughts, to determining the issues that will be reported to the public. "This is very important, especially regarding women's rights," said Desi.
The results of research by the Alliance of Independent Journalists (AJI) in 2012 showed that the number of female and male journalists was not equal, or 1 in 4. "There are many women on CNN TV," said Desi. This happened, according to Desi, not only because of the needs of the television industry which merely spoke shot and rating. But also influenced by advances in television technology. In the past few years, the cameraman profession has been dominated by men because the burden of the camera to carry at that time was too heavy. With the camera size getting smaller nowadays, the profession has become more open to female journalists. "It used to be called cameraman, now camera person, "Closed Desi, (Abdus Somad)