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Beranda NEWS COVID-19 Corona Changing Religious Practices

Corona Changing Religious Practices

Since the first Covid-19 case appeared on March 2, 2020, in Depok, West Java, Muslim days (51) as marbut have been tiring. He did various simple ways to keep the mosque clean. Long before the call to prayer reached the loudspeakers of the Jami At-Taqwa Mosque in Mampang, Pancoran Mas, the long green carpet that was cleaned once a week is now being flicked more regularly. When the carpet dust rises and moves to the floor before all the windows are open, Muslims scrub the floor twice back and forth with a mop and water.

"Now we clean it every other day," said Muslim when met by Jaring.id, Wednesday, March 18, 2020.

This cleaning activity, according to Muslim, is in accordance with the national disaster emergency response set by the government until May 29, 2020. Even so, the management of the Jami At-Taqwa Mosque has not been able to implement the circular letter SE.1. 2020 concerning the Covid-19 Handling Protocol on House of worship. Not disobeying the recommendation of the Ministry of Religion, but the provision of temperature measuring devices and hand sanitizer need funds are not small.

"If it can be provided," he said.

About 29 kilometers from Depok, the Istiqlal Mosque management in Jakarta is fighting the spread of the SARS CNoV-2 virus in various ways. Starting from rolling up the entire carpet, spraying disinfectant all over the room, wiping the loudspeakers, to providing hand sanitizer.

"We also spray the infaq money of the mosque. There are Singapore dollars and Chinese money. As much as possible it should be sterile, because transmission can also be through money, "said the Grand Imam of the Istiqlal Mosque, Nazarudin Umar when contacted by Jaring.id by telephone, Wednesday, March 18, 2020.

As of March 22, 2020, the total positive cases of Covid-19 in Indonesia reached 514 cases. Of that number 48 people died and 29 others were declared cured. DKI Jakarta contributed the largest number of cases, reaching 304 cases. Realizing the high number of people infected and dying in the capital, Nazarudin took the initiative to limit the mass lectures and shorten the duration of Friday sermons at Istiqlal to 5 minutes.

"Don't take too long (lecture)," he said.

The Deputy Minister of Religion for the 2001-2004 period also recommended that the Muslim community worship at home. This is important to support medical efforts against the global pandemic in Indonesia. In fact, he suggested that Ramadan 1441 H worship such as Tarawih to Eid prayer, May 24 2020, not be carried out in congregation. This is in accordance with the Covid-19 emergency response period that the government has decided.

"The main thing is to maintain a healthy body rather than praying in congregation. Preventing fade is more important than seeking benefit or reward. Prophet Muhammad did that, ”said Nazarudin Umar.

The Indonesian Ulema Council (MUI) issued Fatwa Number 14 of 2020 concerning the Implementation of Worship in the Covid-19 Outbreak Situation. "In the event that he (the community-ed) is in an area where the potential for transmission is high or very high based on the decision of the authorities, then he may leave the Friday prayer and replace it with the Dzuhur prayer at his residence, and leave the congregation at the five daily prayers or rawatib, tarawih. and ied in mosques or other public places, "it was written.

MUI Secretary Asrorun Ni'am Sholeh explained that the fatwa regulates nine things that can make it easier for Muslims to pray in the midst of a global pandemic.

"This is a guideline for continuing to carry out worship, but at the same time contributing to preventing Covid-19 to protect the community," said Asrorun Ni'am Sholeh in a press release from the Task Force for the Acceleration of Handling Covid-19, Thursday, March 19, 2020.

Meanwhile, the Kwitang Jakarta Indonesian Christian Church (GKI) implements worship on line through live streaming on the YouTube channel every weekend. According to a member of the DKI Kwitang congregation, Sigit Budiman, the worship through the online system (in the network) will be held until the end of this month.

"Can worship on line and it is not recommended to go to churches in other places, ”said Sigit.

Based on the Ministry of Religion's report, the number of places of worship throughout Indonesia is 370,620 units. It consists of 281,136 mosques, 58,037 Christian churches, 12,764 Catholic churches, 14,655 temples, 2,265 temples and 1,763 temples. The Minister of Religion, Fachrul Razi admitted that places of worship are vulnerable to become places of transmission of covid-19. That is because he appealed to all religious communities, including believers, not to gather in large numbers.

"People are also advised not to gather at places of worship for too long," said Fachrul Razi as quoted from the website Kemenag.go.id on Saturday, March 14, 2020.

This is in accordance with President Joko Widodo's instructions delivered on Monday, March 17, 2020 at the Bogor Palace, West Java. The President asked the public to carry out all activities, both studying and worshiping from home.

"The policy of studying from home, working from home and worshiping at home continues to be intensified to reduce the spread of Covid-19," said Jokowi.

 

Obedient Disobedient Government Suggestions

In West java. The West Java Synod of the Indonesian Christian Church (GKI), Pastor Darwin Darmawan, cannot stop monitoring his cell phone screen. For three consecutive days starting March 17, 2020, he had to attend various meetings on line.

"We keep meeting on line along with the increase in positive patients, "said Pastor Darwin when contacted by Jaring.id, Thursday, March 19, 2020.

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This was done because the Covid-19 cases in West Java had reached 55 cases, including 7 people who died. Referring to the West Java Covid-19 Covid-19 Information & Coordination Center page, there are 1774 West Java residents who are in the ODP (People Under Monitoring) category and 157 others are PDP (Patients Under Supervision).

From the results of the marathon meeting, the West Java GKI decided to divert religious worship into the network on line. Then encourage joint interfaith action, such as spraying disinfectants for free on mosques, temples, monasteries, temples and Christian and Catholic churches. GKI will also provide spiritual assistance to patients who have tested positive for Covid-19.

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"We also collect donations to buy personal protective equipment for medical workers. But the items are hard to find at the moment, the protective equipment is empty, ”said Pastor Darwin.

Unlike West Java, Bali, which is an area with a majority of Hindus, insists on continuing religious rituals outside the home this March. Yesterday, March 21, 2020, one of the largest temples in Bali, namely Pura Batur in Kintamani, held a ceremony to restore the sanctity of the mountain and Lake Batur and on March 25-26 Hindus will celebrate Nyepi Day. Meanwhile, in early April, Hindus will hold the Ngusaba Kesada Ceremony which is usually crowded with thousands of people.

Kesinoman Guru Nyoman Waji ensures that a series of religious rituals are carried out in accordance with government recommendations. In the last mountain and Lake Batur cleansing ritual, a family may only include 1 representative in the religious activity.

"For local residents of Batur only. We will also pray about the current national condition, "said Kesinoman Guru Nyoman Waji when contacted by Jaring.id, Thursday, March 19, 2020.

The Ngusaba Kesada ceremony, continued Guru Nyoman Waji, will still be coordinated further with the local government. According to him, the meeting had been held three times.

"We communicate continuously," he said.

The chairman of Parisada Hindu Dharma Indonesia (PHDI) Bali, I Gusti Ngurah Sudiana, admitted that he had appealed to all temple administrators in Bali to pay attention to government policies regarding crowd restrictions. This area, which is an icon of world tourism, is one of the areas that has recorded 7 cases of Covid-19. However, for I Gusti Ngurah Sudiana, it is not easy to convince people not to carry out religious rituals or to celebrate religious holidays.

"Rituals in Bali cannot be abandoned, but if the prayers can be in their respective homes," I Gusti Ngurah Sudiana said to Jaring.id, Friday, March 20, 2020.

However, Sudiana assured that religious activities, such as the Melasti ritual which was held the day before the Nyepi celebration, only involved religious figures.

“Last year's celebration involved a lot of people. Now we want it so that there is no accumulation, "he said.

Ulun Danu Batur Temple Bali. Photo: Abdus Somad

 

Cause Calamity Between the Crowds

It was not easy for the Governor of South Sulawesi, Nurdin Abdullah to cancel the Tablig Akbar Ijtima Asia on 19-22 March 2020. He had to coordinate with the Indonesian Police Chief, Idham Aziz, the Head of the South Sulawesi Regional Police, Mas Guntur Laupe and the Regent of Goa, Adnan Purichta Ichsan to cancel the activity. which was originally attended by thousands of people and 411 foreign nationals — some of them have even attended Pakkatto Village, Gowa Regency.

After coordinating, Nurdin decided to cancel the mass activity. The reason is, the collection of large numbers of people is very vulnerable to being a way for the transmission of covid-19. The disease caused by the new corona virus has been declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO). But that doesn't mean the problem is over after the activity is canceled. In addition to canceling the arrival of ulama from Bangladesh and Pakistan, the regional government must also speed up the repatriation of foreign nationals who have already set foot in South Sulawesi, and isolate some worshipers.

"We express our gratitude to the Itjima Asia zone committee for canceling the event for the sake of the greater national interest," wrote Nurdin Abdullah on his Twitter account, Thursday, March 19, 2020.

It did not stop in Sulawesi, activities that gathered thousands of people also occurred at the Mass of Bishop Ruteng in Manggarai, East Nusa Tenggara (NTT) on March 19, 2020. Head of the Task Force for the Acceleration of Handling Covid-19, Doni Monardo, sent a letter to the Cardinal and the Regent of Manggarai to delay the inauguration of Bishop Ruteng, Mgr. Cyprian Yours. However, the church insisted on continuing these activities.

From a letter received by Jaring.id on Thursday, March 19, 2020. The former Commander of the Army Special Forces Command (Kopassus) said that the transmission of the corona virus did not only come from patients who were being treated in hospital, but also people who looked healthy. . In pandemic conditions, he said, everyone is susceptible to becoming a corona virus carrier (carrier).

"It is very dangerous if it is transmitted to the elderly or has a congenital disease. Carrier "This could potentially be a potential killer because it could lead to death," said Doni ending his letter, Thursday, March 19, 2020.Abdus Somad)

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