Juna Rorimpandey is not a foreign name in the world of cooking. Not many people can learn directly from the man who is intimately known as Chef Juna. However, this time the opportunity was wide open. No exception for Hasbiyah, a woman who was recently fired (PHK) by a company in Cakung, East Jakarta.
Hasbiyah is one of hundreds of thousands of pre-employment card participants. When he received a capital of Rp. 1 million for training, he couldn't help but be happy. The image of being a master cook immediately loomed over.
"I bought the class package for Rp. 250 thousand, my remaining balance was Rp. 750 thousand," Hasbiyah said when contacted by the Investigative Journalist Club (KJI), an intermedia collaboration team consisting of Jaring.id, Tempo, Suara.com and Alinea.id on Wednesday. , 20 May 2020.
Hasbiyah is seriously listening to cooking class broadcasts through his smartphone screen. Chef Juna first introduced himself, then explained the cooking tools he often used. The explanation goes one way, there is no interaction between the speaker and the participants.
Hasbiyah's patience was running low. It speeds up impressions.
"The duration is quite long," said Hasbiyah.
Hasbiyah's dream turned disappointed because the video he watched did not add to his knowledge about cooking. According to him, many cooking classes are more feasible and can be watched for free on video sharing services. The pre-employment card balance of Rp. 250 thousand which was just used, feels useless.
"The situation like now is better to just give the money for daily needs," he said.
Another complaint was submitted by Muhammad Ridwan (not his real name). The incentive fund of Rp. 600 thousand that he was waiting for, never came into his account. The incentive of this size represents cash that can be received seven days after the pre-employment card participant completes the training. Meanwhile, since April 28, 2020, Ridwan has completed all procedures. Starting from completing training to providing reviews of training institutions.
Ridwan did not remain silent. He sent an email to the implementer of the Pre-employment Card program to ask when the incentive funds would be disbursed. This step was taken twice, most recently on May 1, 2020. However, he did not receive a single answer until twelve days later, a notification message came to his cell phone. The contents are about the incentive funds that have been disbursed.
"Long enough to wait," he said.
Hasbiyah and Ridwan are part of the 600 thousand participants who were accepted in three batches of pre-employment card registration. The program was first launched on April 11, 2020 as a realization of Joko Widodo-Ma'ruf Amin's campaign promises during the 2019 presidential election. Through this program the government provides training costs for residents to improve their skills until they are ready to work.
The main targets of pre-employment cards are high school graduates (SMA-equivalent), workers who have experienced termination of employment, are at least 18 years old, and are not currently studying in college.
However, the emergence of the Covid-19 pandemic made the pre-employment card program modified. This program has switched to semi-social assistance (Bansos) with a portion of the value of the incentives which is almost three-quarters of the total program value. Small business actors whose businesses were rolled by the economic downturn due to the pandemic were also targeted as participants.
In fact, the neat design of the pre-employment program does not only leave complaints from the participants. Several irregularities emerged. One of them is the dual function of several service providers who are members of the pre-employment. The four program partners and two government collaborator partners are not only listed as producers of learning materials, but also distribute learning materials through their websites.
KJI visited the skillacademy.com site on Saturday, May 31, 2020. At the top of the page there is a Popular Class containing 17 packages that bundle 99 learning materials. All the materials in the package were produced by the Skill Academy. The bundled packages are also flavored with discounted prices.
Multiple roles are also found in Pintaria, Sekolahmu, Pijarmahir, G2 Academy, and Hacktiv8. In total there are 148 learning materials produced by companies that have online learning platforms.
Based on published data from the Coordinating Ministry for Economic Affairs Katadata, in the first batch of pre-employment cards, 121.3 thousand participants of the pre-employment card program accessed learning materials through Ruangguru. Meanwhile, 25.8 thousand participants accessed it through Tokopedia, 23.7 thousand participants through Sisnaker, and 20.9 thousand participants through Bukalapak. Furthermore, the training made by Pintaria was accessed by 16.1 thousand participants, your school was 13.8 thousand participants, Pijar Mahir 5.3 thousand participants, and 4.7 thousand participants what to learn.
Wana Alamsyah, Researcher of Indonesia Corruption Watch (ICW) assessed that multiple functions occurred because the Minister of Economy Regulation No.3 of 2020 concerning the Implementation Regulation of Presidential Regulation Number 36 of 2020 concerning the Development of Work Competence through the Pre-Work Card Program gave the authority to select learning materials for digital partners. The regulation also does not impose strict sanctions on partners who have multiple functions.
"How can a digital platform that has curation and supervision duties, do this in its own institution at the same time," said Wana during a joint press statement with KJI on Monday, May 11, 2020.
ICW also highlighted the unclear commission taking taken by eight partners providing learning materials. In a number of regulations issued by the government regarding pre-employment programs, there are no definite provisions regarding the amount of commission that digital platforms are entitled to receive. Article 52 paragraph 1 Permenko 3/2020 only states that "The digital platform is allowed to take a reasonable service commission from the training institute that collaborates."
Meanwhile, paragraph 2 of the article stipulates that the amount of the commission is regulated in a cooperation agreement and has the approval of the Executive Management. Unfortunately, the cooperation agreement was not made public. In fact, according to Wana, this has been regulated in Article 11 paragraph (1) letter e of the Information Disclosure Law Number 14 of 2008 concerning Openness of Public Information which states that public agencies are required to provide public information at any time, which includes agreements between public bodies and third parties. .
"We consider this a kind of program that benefits only a few parties during the pandemic period," said Wana.
Ruangguru Public Relations Lead, Sekar Krisnauli assessed that all processes that are taking place have followed the rules of the presidential regulations and the regulations of the minister of economy as well as through coordination with the executive management.
"We emphasize that there is no allocation of funds from the government that is given directly to Ruangguru and training partners," Sekar told KJI, Thursday, May 7, 2020.
Meanwhile, VP of Corporate Communications Tokopedia Nuraini Razak was reluctant to explain the details of the benefits that the company received from the pre-employment card program. He asked the KJI team to ask this question from the pre-employment program executive management.
"Asked directly to the Pre-Work Card institution via firstname.lastname@example.org," said Astri Wahyuni when confirmed by the KJI team on Wednesday, May 7, 2020.
A similar question was asked to the Assistant Vice President for External Communications at PT Telekomunikasi Indonesia (Persero) Tbk Panji Pramono, but was not answered. The KJI team tried to call the person concerned, but they were not answered. Efforts to send short messages via WhatsApp have also reached a dead end. Even so, with an interview request letter sent by email, there was no response until this report was published.
For the record, Telekomunikasi Indonesia is a producer of learning materials with the flag of pijarmahir as well as the owner of the pijarmahir.id learning material provider platform.
Director of the Communication Bureau for the Pre-Employment Card Program, Panji Winanteya Ruky, when confirmed about the differences in commissions, each institution admitted that they had implemented healthy competition in commission taking. According to him, as long as it is not being questioned, the certainty of the fair commission has not been regulated.
"The principle of partnership in the pre-employment card is open and based on competition or fair competition. The boundaries of the commission do not need to be regulated, ”said Panji when confirmed by the KJI team on Wednesday, May 20, 2020.
The government and companies are reluctant to talk much about the commission value that providers of learning materials take. However, maubelajarapa.com platform explains on its site that they charge an administration and marketing fee of 20 percent of class tickets sold through maubelajarapa.com.
The Executive Director of the Nusantara Sejati Foundation Eka Simanjuntak asked the partners and management as curators to be more transparent and objective in choosing training institutions so that there would be fair business competition. According to him, the government could violate Article 14 of Law Number 5 Year 1999 concerning Monopolistic Practices and Unfair Business Competition if this was not implemented.
The man, who is also the Managing Director of Willi Toisuta & Associates, encouraged the government to make rules on the supervision of training partners and digital partners involved in pre-employment cards. The regulation, he continued, must set boundaries, roles, and form an independent curation team in order to avoid conflicts of interest.
"If there is no control, everyone is free to make a program (job training)," said Eka on Friday, May 1, 2020.
Director of the Communication Bureau for the Pre-Employment Card Program, Panji Winanteya Ruky, assessed that there are no problems in the company's dual function as a producer of learning materials as well as the owner of a digital platform.
"We see it (they-ed) a training institution, not a digital platform. If there is a conflict of interest, this must be reviewed first. Because the main jury who determines it is not you, ”said Panji when confirmed by the KJI team through the Zoom application on Sunday, May 10, 2020.
Panji acknowledged that currently the executive management continues to improve the pre-employment card program implementation system. However, he was reluctant to answer details about the improvements that were being made.
"Currently we are still looking for a more optimal process for evaluation. Because it is just starting, so we will see it based on Permenko, "he said. (KJI Team)